Lactose intolerance

Lactose is the name of a specific carbohydrate or sugar of milk. Unlike proteins and fats, lactose in all milks is chemically and biologically identical. Goat milk contains lactose just like cow milk. There is no difference so it is unlikely that the lactose in goat milk will help directly with lactose intolerance.

However, other factors may play a role in this. For example goat milk contains oligosaccharides similar in structure to human milk oligosaccharides.1 Oligosaccharide concentrations in goat milk from New Zealand are approximately 10 times higher than cow milk.2 These oligosaccharides may influence how lactose is metabolised.

  • 1Martinez-Ferez et al. 2006; Meyrand et al 2013; Kiskini and Difilippo, 2013; Thum et al 2015
  • 2Thum et al 2015; Martinez-Ferez et al. 2006; Meyrand et al 2013; Kiskini and Difilippo, 2013

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There is a common belief that goat milk is a sound alternative for infants or children with cow milk protein allergy. This has resulted in the promotion of goat milk and goat milk products for relief of allergy. However, scientific studies show that goat milk is not always an effective substitute for cow milk in children who are already sensitised to cow milk protein and have a rapid onset, IgE-mediated reaction to cow milk proteins. Only extensively hydrolysed formulas should be used for the dietary management of infants with diagnosed cow milk protein allergy.1

There are several lines of evidence that the strength and type of the immune response to goat and cow milk might still differ. For example, children allergic to cow milk required nearly five times more goat milk to trigger an adverse reaction.2 In another study, 25% of children allergic to cow milk did not react to goat milk at all.3 Children with allergy to cow milk proteins had a lower response to goat milk containing low amounts of αs1-casein.4 Similarly, studies with animals have also shown that lower levels of αs1-casein in goat milk resulted in fewer allergic reactions.5

Further research will help to understand how people might respond differently to goat or cow milk. Until such studies have been completed, it is important that goat milk infant formula is not promoted as a remedy for infants with severe reactions to cow milk.

1 AAP 2000; Koletzko et al, 2012
2 Bellioni-Businco et al 1999
3 Infante et al 2003
4 Ballabio et al, 2011; Albenzio et al 2012; Lisson et al 2014
5 Bevilacqua et al 2001; Hodgkinson et al 2012

Purpose built manufacturing

The DGC plant is purpose-built solely to be a world class facility for manufacturing goat milk formula. Combined with our cooperative farm model, we are able to control the entire process from milking to distribution. So milk that comes into the plant leaves as a completed product.

The result is a safer, cleaner manufacturing process with no third parties in the production process.

Can Filling

The DGC can filling facilities are world class. On any day at DGC we can manufacture over 150,000 cans and fill over 90,000 cans. These are then sent to our warehousing and distribution facility where they await final safety tests before being released for export worldwide.

Animal Welfare and Health

New Zealand has a strict Code of Welfare for Goats. It specifies what is considered to be optimal animal welfare and how this may be achieved for goats farmed under New Zealand conditions. DGC farms are required to follow the New Zealand Code of Welfare for Goats as well as DGC’s own Code of Farm Practice.