There is a common belief that goat milk is a sound alternative for infants or children with cow milk protein allergy. This has resulted in the promotion of goat milk and goat milk products for relief of allergy. However, scientific studies show that goat milk is not always an effective substitute for cow milk in children who are already sensitised to cow milk protein and have a rapid onset, IgE-mediated reaction to cow milk proteins. Only extensively hydrolysed formulas should be used for the dietary management of infants with diagnosed cow milk protein allergy.1
There are several lines of evidence that the strength and type of the immune response to goat and cow milk might still differ. For example, children allergic to cow milk required nearly five times more goat milk to trigger an adverse reaction.2 In another study, 25% of children allergic to cow milk did not react to goat milk at all.3 Children with allergy to cow milk proteins had a lower response to goat milk containing low amounts of αs1-casein.4 Similarly, studies with animals have also shown that lower levels of αs1-casein in goat milk resulted in fewer allergic reactions.5
Further research will help to understand how people might respond differently to goat or cow milk. Until such studies have been completed, it is important that goat milk infant formula is not promoted as a remedy for infants with severe reactions to cow milk.
|1||AAP 2000; Koletzko et al, 2012|
|2||Bellioni-Businco et al 1999|
|3||Infante et al 2003|
|4||Ballabio et al, 2011; Albenzio et al 2012; Lisson et al 2014|
|5||Bevilacqua et al 2001; Hodgkinson et al 2012|
Warehousing and distribution are the final phase of the process. Finished and filled cans are held in the warehouse until final, independent testing is completed so that the product can be safely released.
Once released, the cans are loaded and driven to Port Tauranga for export.
Our state of the art blending plant enables us to add the additional nutrients required to meet regulatory and specific product requirements where necessary.
The fat content of formula must be modified to include several essential fatty acids. Many formulas are based on skim milk where the milk fat is replaced by vegetable oils, including palm oil.1
DGC has adopted an alternative approach, using whole goat milk to retain milk fat. Vegetable oils are still added to top up the essential unsaturated fatty acids in goat milk, but it is not necessary to use palm oil if milk fat is included in the formula.
Our research has also shown that there is also no need to use highly modified ingredients such as OPO.2
|1||Delplanque et al, 2015|
|2||Prosser et al, 2010|